The inland areas are predominantly plateaus, with the exception of some rugged mountains in the far north.
The northern region is more arid, whereas the southern portion of the country receives more rainfall.
By the year 2012, the population is expected to double. The flag of the Palestinian people is identical but does not have the white star.
Below are some important basics to get you started.
In 1950, Transjordan merged with part of Palestine to form the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan. It lies in the center of the Middle East, sharing its northern border with Syria, eastern border with Iraq, it's southern and eastern borders with Saudi Arabia, and western border with the Jordan River, the Dead Sea, and Israel. Jordan has barren deserts, fertile valleys, and colorful rock and sand mountains.
It contains the lowest point on earth, the Dead Sea, and the Great Rift Valley, which was created twenty million years ago when tectonic plates shifted, stretching from Lake Tiberius south through Jordan and into eastern Africa. In 1946, the population was about 400,000; in 1997, it reached 4.6 million, a figure twice that of 1981.
Colonial rule began in the mid 1800s and divided the land inhabited by ethnic Somalis into several territories.
The French controlled the northernmost region (the area that is now Djibouti), the British colonized northern Somalia creating a country called British Somaliland, the Italians governed southern Somalia, creating Italian Somaliland, Ethiopia controlled the inland region of the Ogaden, and Kenya controlled land on its northern border inhabited by Somalis, called the Northern Frontier District (NFD).