Although dating violence is synonymous with intimate partner violence, public health officials and researchers tend to use the term dating violence when focusing on intimate violence that takes places among teenagers rather than adults.
According to the results of a 2011 Centers for Disease Control and Prevention project called the Youth Risk Behavior Survey, roughly 9 percent of U. high schoolers experience dating violence at the hands of a boyfriend or girlfriend.
Methods: Using a cross sectional descriptive study, a questionnaire containing a semi structured socio-demographic data schedule, the conflict tactic scale and the AUDIT/DUDITwas administered to respondents who fulfilled the study inclusion criteria and gave written consent. The prevalence of DV in the previous twelve months was 34%, the prevalence of alcohol use among the respondents was 32% and the prevalence of use of other psychoactive substances (including cannabis, opioids and analgesics) was 20%.
Ten percent of the respondents scored above the threshold for hazardous use of alcohol on the AUDIT scale while 13% scored above the threshold for hazardous use of other substances on the DUDIT scale.
DV is not limited to a specific demographic, it is a significant problem not only because of its alarming prevalence and physical and mental health consequences (Callahan, Tolman, & Saunders, 2003), but also because it occurs at a life stage when interactional patterns are learned that may carry over into adulthood.
Bivariate analysis revealed that factors associated with the hazardous use of alcohol included violence in the dating relationship, being male, sexual intercourse being a part of the relationship and experience of childhood physical and sexual violence.
On multivariate analysis, violence in the dating relationship increased the risk of hazardous use of psychoactive substances (other than alcohol) by respondents by fivefold (OR 4.63, 95% CI 1.1, 20.2) while sexual intercourse being a part of the relationship increased the risk of hazardous use of alcohol by nine fold (OR 8.83, 95% CI 1.4, 56.7).
Although substance use has been shown to be associated with dating violence among college students in empirical studies, the use of substances as they relate to dating violence has yet to be systematically reviewed.
The purpose of the present manuscript is to review research on dating violence (perpetration and victimization) and substance use (alcohol and drugs).