The commandments include instructions to worship only God, to honour one's parents, and to keep the sabbath, as well as prohibitions against idolatry, blasphemy, murder, adultery, theft, dishonesty, and coveting.
Different religious groups follow different traditions for interpreting and numbering them.
It’s obvious that some of the Commandments forbid actions that are also forbidden in American law, but then again the same parallels can be found in laws throughout the world.
Are the Ten Commandments the basis for Chinese law, merely because murder and theft are forbidden in China?
The Tyndale and Coverdale English translations used "ten verses".
The Geneva Bible used "tenne commandements", which was followed by the Bishops' Bible and the Authorized Version (the "King James" version) as "ten commandments".
The upper portion of the famous Law Code Stele of Hammurabi (above) shows Hammurabi standing before the sun-god Shamash, the god of justice.
There is nothing the least bit secular about this, and the government has no authority to endorse such a view.
After being fitted together, they formed an impressive round-top stele or pillar, which stands about 7.5 feet high.
This was a copy of the Law Code of King Hammurabi, considered one of the most significant legal documents from antiquity.
The Ten Commandments appear twice in the Hebrew Bible, in the books of Exodus and Deuteronomy.
Modern scholarship has found likely influences in Hittite and Mesopotamian laws and treaties, but is divided over exactly when the Ten Commandments were written and who wrote them.