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The Gunung Mulu National Park, Sarawak, Malaysia has been a focus of scientific research and exploration for several decades.
Previous work investigated the relationship between fluvial incision into the limestone massif and the chronological evolution of the 500m-deep network of cave passages.
This method has a dating range up to about 600.000 years.
We use U-Th dating to obtain a chronology for stalagmites which are used for palaeoclimate research (pdf), dating carbonate crusts on cave art to derive minimum age constraints for underlying art(paper Hoffmann et al. (2012) (DOI: 10.1126/science.1219957), speleothem formations in stratigraphic relationship with archaeological artefacts, travertine formation in relation with archaeology.
We present 22 U-series ages for a stalagmite from north-western Cuba based on multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) and thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (TIMS).
Our results reveal that the stalagmite continuously grew within the last ~1400a.
The longest instrumental record of monsoon rainfall available spans the last ~150 years  and, therefore, too short to fully reveal monsoon variability on century and longer time scales, for which limited high resolution, geographically more widely distributed, paleomonsoon records based on speleothems [2–5], ice cores , tree-rings , and marine sediments [8–11] are currently available.Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Note you can select to send to either the @free.or @variations.‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.Our results indicate that while δThe Indian monsoon is a mesoscale weather system affecting a very densely populated area of the globe.It is important to attempt high-quality paleoclimate reconstructions for a better understanding of the monsoon.